History and culture
Baba Vida, is a medieval fortress located on the banks of the Danube river, Vidin. It is considered the only fully conserved fortress in Bulgaria and is the main tourist monument of the city. Today it also serves as a scene for different cultural events.
The fortress is named after the Bulgarian King Ivan Asen II and what remains are ruins of a medieval fortress with a fortified church that is still running. It is located in the Rhodope Mountains, 2 km from Asenovgrad, near Plovdiv as well. It was declared a national monument of culture. It is open all year round for visiting
Tsarevets is a fortress in the medieval city of Tarnovo. It is located near the old town of Veliko Tarnovo. It was the main Bulgarian fortress during the Second Bulgarian Kingdom (1185-1393), when Turnovo was the capital. The fortress also serves as the scene of the show “Sound and Light” – an audiovisual representation of the important moments of Bulgarian history.
The “Freedom Monument” is located on the summit Shipka (1232 m) on the Balkan mountain and symbolizes the heroism and efforts of those who sacrificed themselves for Bulgaria’s liberation from Ottoman rule. The monument of Buzludzha, whose official name is the Memorial House of the Bulgarian Communist Party, is the popular name of the largest ideological monument of the communist regime in Bulgaria. It is located at the summit Hadzhi Dimitar, in the Central Balkan mountains, whose old name is Buzludzha and is close to Shipka. After the fall of the regime in 1989, the monument is abandoned and is now classified under number 25 in “The most beautiful abandoned places in the world”.
The Open Air Ethnographic Museum “Etar” is 8 km away from the city of Gabrovo. It represents a reconstruction of Bulgarian lifestyle, culture and crafts. It is the first museum of its kind in Bulgaria. All artisan shops continue to use traditional production methods which were used in the past. It is a must see!
The historical reserve “Old Plovdiv” is located in three of the hills of Plovdiv. It has been shaped by the continuous life in the city for centuries (from prehistory to the present day) and combines the spirit and architecture of Antiquity, the Middle Ages and the Bulgarian Renaissance. The old town is one of the most popular tourist destinations of Plovdiv also because of the Ancient Theater (Roman theater) that continues to function as a scene for outdoor cultural events.
The ancient city of Nessebar is located 30 km north of Burgas, on a small peninsula in the Black Sea that is connected to the new part of the city. It is one of the oldest cities in Europe. It was founded approximately 3000 years ago from the Thracians and is considered the city with the most preserved architectural monuments of the Middle Ages in Bulgaria. In the Old Nessebar there are 23 churches and cultural monuments. The city is one of the main tourist attractions of the southern coast of the Black Sea.
An original Thracian tomb from the ІV-ІІІ BC and its copy opened for visitors are located in Kazanlak. It is one of the most significant monuments of the Thracian culture in the Bulgarian lands, included in the list of the world cultural heritage of UNESCO. The tomb is part of the famous Valley of the Thracian Kings. It is open for visits from May to November every day.
The tomb of Chetinyova mogila, near the village of Starosel (Hissarya), was built in the middle of the 4th century BC and is the largest Thracian tomb ever discovered. This tomb and other tombs in the region form a large Thracian religious complex.
Perperikon is located 15 km northeast of the city of Kardzhali. It is an archaeological complex dug in the rocks that consists of a great 8,000 year old megalithic sanctuary, monuments of the Antiquity and a medieval fortress. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Bulgaria.